Pediatric Dentistry

dr.mensah headshot

Dr. Helaine Smith and Dr. Josephine Mensah are excited to welcome more and more young families to Pound Ridge and the surrounding areas. Dr. Mensah, who is a mother of two young children, knows the struggles when it comes to at-home oral hygiene, and would like to share some of her oral care routines and tips.

When should your child first visit the dentist?

Ideally, a child should visit a dentist by 1 year old. This may seem very early, considering some children might not even have teeth by then! However, pediatric dentistry is not only about looking for cavities, it’s really about anticipatory guidance.

What this means is giving you, as a parent, tips and tricks on when to brush, how to brush, what toothpaste to use, if vitamins with fluoride should be given, the best snacks and drinks to give your children, when to stop using pacifiers and bottles, when you intervene to stop habits, when to start flossing, to identify tongue or lip ties, to identify if they have the correct number and sequence of baby teeth, etc. It’s really about catching things early and taking care of the child’s mouth as a whole before things turn into potentially bigger issues. All recommendations are given based on child’s age, their development, and their environment. We really hope for children to simply have check ups every six months until they graduate from pediatrics and start seeing an adult dentist. The more likely they come in for preventative services, the less likely they are to need treatment. The less treatment children receive at a young age, the more likely they have a happy and healthy relationship with their dentist and their teeth.

iStock 694835006

What should I expect at my child’s first dental visit?

A child’s first visit often involves a lot of anticipatory guidance, which was mentioned above and is based on their age and development. It involves a multitude of questions about the child’s medical history, diet, habits, oral hygiene, developmental milestones they’ve reached, precious accidents that involved the mouth, and any concerns the parent may have coming into the visit. Subsequently, the dentist will perform a comprehensive exam, a cleaning and fluoride varnish. Often times with behavior and underlying medical conditions, some aspects of the visit may be a little different to cater to the needs of the child. For instance, a child with autism who has sensory issues may not be comfortable with a tool that make a loud noise, so other methods may be considered to have the child complete the visit but also be comfortable.

Why Choose Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry as your Pediatric Dentist?

It’s always nice and convenient to have all members of the family be seen in one office, so it’s incredible that at Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry all members of the family including children can be seen. General dentists’ training in pediatrics is limited to their dental school experiences.

A pediatric dentist has at least two years of additional training in a hospital based or hospital affiliated program that is rigorous and limited to seeing children, including children with medical and special needs. It often includes various new techniques and materials for delivering the best options for your children with minimal trauma as necessary. Because pediatric dentists treat children all day every day, they are exposed to all different behaviors and conditions that general dentists often aren’t well versed in. Pediatric dentists are trained to be patient, mindful of a child’s behavior and explore options that are best for your child and your family depending on factors we discuss. General dentists often refer children to pediatric dentists if they cannot cooperate or have behavioral issues or if the child needs treatment to be rendered and are not equipped to deliver it. It would be best to bypass all this by having your child seen at a young age (1 year old) so we can monitor all their conditions and so they can build a relationship with their pediatric dentist and trust them when the time comes for treatment to be delivered. That’s what builds a healthy lifelong commitment to oral heath and positive experiences.

Brushing and Flossing

Start Early

Before your child has teeth, you can use a wet washcloth or silicone finger toothbrush to massage the gums. Once teeth are visible, use a rice size toothpaste on a soft bristle toothbrush.

Make brushing a routine

Just like everything else, children like structure. Children will want to brush and floss once it is part of the routine.

Brushing tips

Upper teeth

Lift the upper lip gently and try to block the frenum from being brushed against.

Lower teeth

Retract the lip, you can use the back of the toothbrush to block the tongue.


You can use regular dental floss or kid flossers, whichever is easier for you. Remember to set realistic goals. It is hard, but introduce the concept early, and your child will accept the floss. We recommend daily flossing once the adjacent teeth are in contact to prevent in-between cavities.

Make it fun!

A lot of times brushing can be a power struggle, especially when they are less than one year old. A good way to approach it is to make it fun, for example singing their favorite songs, counting numbers, and/or making funny noises. It is always a good idea to give positive reinforcement.

Very importantly

Lead by example! It can be fun for young children to have brushing/flossing sessions with mom or dad. You can bound by getting the sugar bugs out. For young children, a grown-up should always supervise brushing. You can let the child brush first, then take over and brush again to make sure all the “bugs” are out.

We recommend brushing 2 times a day for 2 minutes each time, but realistically, at a young age, 2 times a day will make any dentist happy.

What People Say About Us!

What a joy to find a dentist who is knowledgeable, caring, and especially sensitive. I never thought I would actually enjoy going to the dentist! Plus the beautiful state-of-the-art office and facilities are superb!

Sugar and Cavities

Make water your child’s favorite drink! Water washes away food particles and helps neutralize the acidity after eating.

The AAP recommends cow’s milk (whole for under 2 and skim or low fat for over 2). It is better to drink milk in an open cup. Try not to put milk in bottles and avoid putting your child to sleep with bottled milk. Baby bottle decay is scary but definitely preventable.

Juice, soda - All of these drinks contain lots of sugar in addition to acidity, which weakens the enamel and causes cavities. They have little nutrition and are packed with calories.

Bottle to Cup

The goal is to wean bottles by 12-18 months. Prolonged use of bottles and sippy cups can actually misshape the oral cavity, causing problems in speech, airway, sleep quality, and jaw and maxilla development. Instead, it is recommended to use an open cup when possible, and you can start as early as 6 months of age.

First Dental Visit

The ADA and AAP recommend that the first dental visit should occur within six months after the baby's first tooth appears, but no later than the child's first birthday. At Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry, during your child’s first-ever dental appointment, we want your child to explore the dental setting. The chair that tilts back is pretty cool. Just as important as the checkup, we will be reviewing your child’s oral hygiene routine with you and give you our recommendations.

Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry First Dental Visit

Routine Dental Visit

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry recommends scheduling regular dental checkups, with the most common interval being every six months.

At Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry, we would love to be part of you and your children’s dental home and we thank you for trusting us to be your dental care providers.

Tethered Oral Tissue

7 week old soundly sleeping after quick and easy laser procedure to release tethered oral tissue.


When Can My Child Brush Their Own Teeth?

For children to develop optimal oral hygiene habits, they rely on parental demonstration, assistance, and oversight as they grow. Generally, we don't expect that a child can brush their teeth independently before age six. And once they reach the age at which brushing is possible, they can benefit from a parent's continued supervision. One easy way to do this is to brush your teeth together. This allows your child to watch and learn from how you perform the task.

When you're determining your child's independent brushing abilities, it's helpful to look for just that, ability, rather than let their age be the guiding principle. Some of the characteristics that will show you your child is ready to take over their own oral care include the following:

  • A personal sense of responsibility. To take good care of their own teeth, a child must remember to brush every morning and every night. They must remember to floss. Some children develop this sense through the demonstration and supervision they've received from you over the years, along with the education they receive during dental visits. Knowing that brushing and flossing can help them avoid painful cavities can be really motivating!
  • Dexterity. It isn't the easiest thing for a child to pick up a toothbrush and simply know what to do and how to do it. Physical dexterity must enable them to hold the toothbrush firmly without being too hard on their teeth and gums when brushing. Dexterity also helps your child reach all parts of the mouth, front and back, and all sides of their teeth.
  • Spitting. It's easy for parents to forget that spitting is a necessary part of their children's teeth-brushing! If your child cannot yet spit out their toothpaste, they're not quite ready to take on the task all by themselves. Until a child can properly spit, it's necessary to use as little toothpaste as possible. A dollop the size of a grain of rice is fine.

Test it Out!

Your child's oral health is not something you want to leave to chance. As your child begins to demonstrate that they can spit, that they have good hand dexterity, and can be responsible about brushing and flossing, you can easily test out their success rate. Many retailers and pharmacies sell plaque-revealing tablets. These chewable tablets show exactly where plaque exists on your child's teeth after they've brushed. The areas of coloration show you and your child where they're missing, and also indicate exactly where they can go back and brush more. Plaque-revealing tablets are easy to use and easy to clean; just brush and rinse the mouth well after use.

Schedule a Consultation

If you are interested in learning more about caring for your children's teeth, please contact our office at 914-764-3540 or send us a message here. Thank you for choosing Pound Ridge Cosmetic Dentistry, we look forward to hearing from you!


Don’t Hesitate
To Contact Us

Have a question? Get in touch now!

Call Us


* All indicated fields must be completed.
Please include non-medical questions and correspondence only.

Accessibility Toolbar

Scroll to Top